Rubies have represented power and strength for over a thousand years; their color reminded our ancestors of blood, anger, passion, and beauty. They are mentioned in the bible as being tokens of wisdom. Rubies have been carried with warriors to offer protection from enemies, but it doesn’t stop there. In Burma, an ancient ruby source that is now Myanmar, to be invincible a fighter would insert rubies deep into their skin before battle. They are so important in early cultures because they were considered the most precious of the 12 stones created by God. In modern times, the desire for rubies has not subsided; they are the perfect romantic gift. Rubies range in color from pink to deep red; they are essentially red sapphires. The presence of Chromium is what causes the red hue. The most valuable rubies are a medium-deep red that is often called “pigeon’s blood;” much lighter or darker is less valuable. Not only is Ruby the birthstone of July, it is also the traditional gift for 15th and 40th anniversaries.